Companies are not allowed to dismiss a worker for no reason. For a company to dismiss a worker, sufficient reasons are required.
A company is allowed to dismiss a worker in the following cases: disciplinary dismissal, when a worker breaks any of the regulations laid out in the labor contract; ordinary dismissal, when a company is allowed to dismiss a worker for cause. However, dismissal that does not meet certain requirements is void. In the event that an employer wishes to dismiss a worker, the employer shall provide at least 30 days advance notice. An employer who does not give 30 days advance notice shall pay the average wages for a period of not less than 30 days.
Termination of consecutive employment
These regulations are, to some extent, effective for non-renewal of contracts or termination of fixed-term labor contracts. Termination of employment as well as dismissal is restricted when contracts are renewed for a specified time period, or when contracts run and are renewed consecutively even when no time period is specified.
Frequently, in the case of foreign workers, these regulations for dismissal and termination of consecutive employment are not followed. There are many cases where a worker is dismissed or his/her consecutive employment is terminated for no reason. If you suspect unfair dismissal or termination of consecutive employment, please do not hesitate to consult us or the nearest Labor Union where you live.
Resignation in the middle of a labor contract
When a worker submits his/her resignation to the company at least 2 weeks before his/her resignation, the contract shall be terminated. However, in cases where a worker is contracted to work for a specified period of time, he/she should resign when the period of contract expires and then the contract of employment will be terminated. When a worker, however, has an acceptable reason, he/she will be allowed to resign without penalty.
Some companies or employers include in their labor contracts an obligation for the employee to pay penalty fees if a contract is broken, such as a resignation in the middle of a labor contract. Thus, you have to pay attention to this.